Medals & Badges - USSR

Medals Badges

Medal for the Capture of Berlin

Medal for the Capture of Berlin

Medal for the Capture of Berlin. Established 9 June 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the capture of Berlin from 22 April 1945 until 2 May 1945. The capture of Berlin was one of the bloodiest military operations of WWII. With both sides combined, 3.5 million servicemen participated with 52,000 cannons, 7750 tanks and more than 10,000 planes. Soviet forces outnumbered fascist forces, but fascist troops had transformed Berlin into a fortress, with fortifications built on the streets. Severe fighting continued until the Soviet flag was hoisted over the Reichstag on 1 May 1945. 600 servicemen received the Hero of the Soviet Union title, and 13 servicemen received the Gold Star medal for the 2nd time. It is made of brass. Approximately 1,100,000 were issued.

Medal for the Capture of Koenigsberg

Medal for the Capture of Koenigsberg

Established 9 June 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the capturing of Koenigsberg from 23 January 1945 until 10 April 1945. Koenigsberg ( the capital of Eastern Prussia ) was heavily fortified by fascist forces including 5 German military divisions and several separate Koenigsberg military divisions. 170 aircraft defended the city against the Soviet airforce. Soviet forces outnumbered the enemy, and heavy fighting lasted from 6 April until 9 April 1945. Koenigsberg was captured and renamed Kaliningrad in 1946. It eventually became part of the USSR according to resolution of the Potsdam Conference. 200 Soviet servicemen were awarded Hero of the Soviet Union titles. It is made of brass. Approximately 760,000 were issued.

Medal for the Capture of Vienna

Medal for the Capture of Vienna

Established 9 June 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the capturing of Vienna from 16 March 1945 until 13 April 1945. Enemy forces consisted of 8 tank divisions, 1 infantry division and 15 detached infantry battalions. Intensive fighting broke out between Soviet and Fascist Forces (German Allies) near Vienna, the capital of Austria. Soviet military commanders then decided to encircle Vienna from the north with the field forces of the 2nd Ukrainian Front, and from the South with a military division of the 3rd Ukrainian Front. On 6 April 1945, advanced detachments entered the outskirts of Vienna. Severe street fighting lasted for a week until 13 April 1945, when the city was completely occupied by Soviet forces. It is made of brass. Approximately 275,000 were issued.

Medal for the Capture of Budapest

Medal for the Capture of Budapest

Established 9 June 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the capturing of Budapest. Fascist troops concentrated a massive buildup near Budapest of 250,000 servicemen, 1 tank division, and 1 mechanized division. Budapest was turned into a fortress with over 300 fortification points. After heavy fighting, on 13 February 1945, the Hungarian capital was occupied by the Soviet Army. It is made of brass. Approximately 360,000 were issued.

Medal for the Defense of Kyiv

Medal for the Defense of Kyiv

Established 21 June 1961. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and citizens who took part in the defense of Kiev. The Defense of Kiev from 7 July 1941 until 26 September 1941 was the greatest defensive operation of the Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War. On 11 July 1941, German troops advanced to the Irpen river, which is located 15-20 km. west of Kiev. The Irpen became the defensive line for over 2 1/2 months. 200,000 volunteers joined Soviet Army divisions in repelling attacks that included more than 40 enemy divisions, 10 of which were tank divisions. Despite heroic resistance, Soviet troops withdrew on 20 September 1941, due to superior numbers of the enemy.

Medal for the Defense of Leningrad

Medal for the Defense of Leningrad

Established 22 December 1942. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and civil citizens who took part in the defense of Leningrad.The famous siege of Leningrad lasted for 900 days, beginning 8 September 1941 until 27 January 1944. German forces blockaded the city in an attempt to starve the resistant inhabitants into submission. Famine was rampant. Despite being outnumbered in weapons and men, Leningrad defenders fought building to building under heavy artillery fire and air bombardment. Soviet fighters began an offensive on 14 January 1944, and the blockade of the city ended on 27 January 1944. Leningrad was awarded the Title of "Hero City" on 1 May 1945, and is one of only four "Hero Cities" in the USSR (the others being Sevastopol, Stalingrad, and Odessa.) It is made of brass. Approximately 1,496,000 were issued.

Medal for the Defense of Odessa

Medal for the Defense of Odessa

Established 22 December 1942. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and civil citizens who took part in the defense of Odessa. From 10 August 1941 until 16 October 1941, Soviet troops bravely defended the city against an attack force comprised of 16 divisions of German forces. Despite being outnumbered 5 to 1, the siege lasted for 73 days before the city fell to the Nazis. Odessa was awarded the Title of "Hero City" on 1 May 1945, and is one of only four "Hero Cities" in the USSR (the others being Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Sevastopol.) It is made of brass. Approximately 38,000 were issued.

Medal for the Defense of Stalingrad

Medal for the Defense of Stalingrad

Established 22 December 1942. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and civilians who took part in the defense of Stalingrad. The defense of Stalingrad was from 12 July 1942 until 19 November 1942. The 6th German Army began the offensive towards Stalingrad in 1942. Heroic defenders fought for more than 140 days under increasing enemy numbers. On 19 November 1942, the Soviet Army launched a counter-offensive, surrounding and defeating the entire 6th German Army. Stalingrad was awarded the Title of "Hero City" on 1 May 1945, and is one of only four "Hero Cities" in the USSR (the others being Sevastopol, Leningrad, and Odessa.) It is made of brass. Approximately 760,000 were issued.

Medal for the Defense of Moscow

Medal for the Defense of Moscow

Established 1 May 1944. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and citizens who took part in the defense of Moscow from 19 October 1941 until 25 January 1942. German forces began their offensive on Moscow on 30 September 1941. In December 1941, Soviet forces stopped any further enemy advances towards Moscow. After enforcement and weapons replenishment, the Soviets launched a counter-offensive and on 7-8 January, the enemy was driven far from Moscow. It is made of brass. Approximately 1,020,000 were issued.

Medal for the Defense of the Soviet Arctic

Medal for the Defense of the Soviet Arctic

Established 5 December 1944. Also known as the "Defense of the Soviet Transpolar Region" and "Defense of Polar Region" medal. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and civilians who took part in the defense of the Soviet Arctic. Beginning 29 June 1941, German and Finnish troops started an offensive move towards Murmansk. Towards the end of July, enemy troops moved 30 km into Soviet territory, but were met with resistance by the Soviet Army, North Soviet Navy, and Partisans. Enemy troops were stopped in the harsh arctic environment long enough for the Soviet forces to begin a counter-offensive. It is made of brass. Approximately 350,000 were issued.

Medal for the Defense of Sevastopol

Medal for the Defense of Sevastopol

Established 22 December 1942. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and civil citizens who took part in the defense of Sevastopol. For 250 days, 5 November 1941 until 4 July 1942, Soviet Army and Soviet Marines defended Sevastopol against German invaders. Despite being greatly outnumbered in guns, planes and tanks, Soviet forces defended the city until it was evacuated when food and ammunition ran out. Several military divisions managed to hide in the mountains to survive and fight using guerilla tactics against the Nazis. Sevastopol was awarded the Title of "Hero City" on 1 May 1945, and is one of only four "Hero Cities" in the USSR (the others being Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Odessa.) Approximately 50,000 were issued.

Medal for the Liberation of Prague

Medal for the Liberation of Prague

Established 9 June 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the liberation of Prague from 3 May 1945 until 9 May 1945. The last troops of fascist Germany, those of the Berlin garrison, had surrendered on 2 May 1945. Approximately 900,000 fascist troops resisted in Czechoslovakia. On 5 May, a national uprising against this occupation began in Prague, and the Soviet Army was asked for assistance. On 9 May 1945, Prague was liberated. 88 servicemen were awarded Hero of the Soviet Union titles. It is made of brass. Approximately 395,000 were issued.

Medal for the Liberation of Warsaw

Medal for the Liberation of Warsaw

Established 9 June 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the liberation of Warsaw from 14 January 1945 until 17 January 1945. On 1 August 1944, Polish Home Army General Tadeusz Komorowski ordered the Home Army to attack the German garrison. Fighters used molotov cocktails or captured German weapons to fight German artillery and aircraft. The Red Army were on the outskirts of Warsaw and halted, letting the fighting continue between the ill-equipped Polish Home Army and the German garrison for 66 days before taking Warsaw in 1945. 1,667 Soviet servicemen were awarded Hero of the Soviet Union titles. Approximately 735,000 were issued.

Medal for the Liberation of Belgrade

Medal for the Liberation of Belgrade

Established 21 June 1961. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD) and State Security Committee Troops (KGB) who participated in the liberation of Belgrade from 29 September 1944 until 22 October 1944. Soviet troops began an offensive move on 28 September towards Belgrade ( the capital of Yugoslavia ) with the goal of liberating the city from fascist forces. Warships of the Dunai Navy participated. The Yugoslavian Peoples Liberation Army intensified attacks at the rear of fascist troops. On 20 October the city was liberated. Approximately 70,000 were issued.

Medal for Victory Over Germany

Medal for Victory Over Germany

Established 9 May 1945. Awarded to all servicemen of the Soviet Army, Navy, Ministry of Internal Affairs Troops (MVD), State Security Committee Troops (KGB) and employed civilians ( such as in military administration departments, military warehouses, etc. ) who participated in the battles of the Great Patriotic War (WWII). Required was a length of service of 3 months for servicemen and 6 months for employed civilians. It is made of brass. Approximately 14,900,000 were issued.


Medal for Victory Over Japan

Medal for Victory Over Japan

Established 30 September 1945. Awarded to servicemen and employed civilians of the Soviet Army, Navy and Ministry of Internal Affairs troops (MVD) who participated in battles against Japanese forces during the period of 8-23 August 1945, while in the ranks of the 1st and 2nd Far East Transbaikal fronts, Pacific Ocean Navy, or Amur River Flotilla. After fascist Germany's defeat, its military ally Japan continued the war with Great Britain and the U.S. Large concentrations of Japanese forces threatened the Far East territories of the USSR. In accordance with the Yalta Agreement of 8 August 1945, the USSR entered into war with Japan. After 22 days of war, Japan surrendered. This signaled the end of WWII, on 2 September 1945. For outstanding heroism in battles against Japan, 87 servicemen received the Hero of the Soviet Union title, 6 receiving the Gold Star medal for the second time. It is made of Brass. Approximately 1,831,000 were issued.

Medal for Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War

Medal for Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War

Established 6 June 1945. A massive labor force was crucial to the defeat of fascist Germany. This medal was awarded to all workers who served in the Soviet industrial sector for at least one year during June 1941 until May 1945. Special circumstances allowed for a 6 month term, such as disabled veterans who returned to work, workers who graduated from professional schools, and retired workers who returned to work. It is made of Copper. Approximately 16,100,000 were issued.

Combat Service Medal

Combat Service Medal

Established 17 October 1938. awarded to personnel of all ranks in the Army, Navy, Border Troops and Ministry of Internal Affairs troops for exceptional conduct in battle resulting in the successful execution of a battle task by the military division; for personal courage shown in defense of USSR borders; for excellence in military and political training; and for mastering new warfare techniques and technology. Citizens as well as foreigners were also eligible for this award. This award could be received more than once. Approximately 3,300,000 were issued.